Books – Books written by CSPO faculty,
staff, and affiliates
Politics and Science: Assuring the Productivity and Integrity of Research
by David Guston
Combining political-economic, sociological, and historical approaches, Guston provides a coherent new framework for analyzing the changing relationship between politics and science in the United States. After World War II, the "social contract for science" assumed that the integrity and productivity of research were automatic; a belief that endured for four decades. But in the 1980s, cases of misconduct in science and flagging economic performance broke the trust between politics and science. New "boundary organizations" were created to mend the relationship between scientists and politicians.
Read about the author in the October 20, 2000 edition of Rutger's Focus.
See Prof. Guston interviewed about his research on science policy.
Frontiers of Illusion: Science, Technology, and the Politics of Progress
by Daniel Sarewitz
In Frontiers of Illusion, Daniel Sarewitz scrutinizes the fundamental myths that have guided the formulation of science policy for half a century -- myths that serve the professional and political interests of the scientific community, but often fail to advance the interests of society as a whole. His analysis ultimately demonstrates that stronger linkages between progress in science and progress in society will require research agendas that emerge not from the intellectual momentum of science, but from the needs and goals of society.
Limited by Design
by Michael Crow and Barry Bozeman
Limited by Design is the first comprehensive study of the varying roles
played by the more than 16,000 research and development laboratories in the
U.S. national innovation system. Michael Crow and Barry Bozeman offer policy
makers and scientists a blueprint for making more informed decisions about
how to best utilize and develop the capabilities of these facilities. Limited by Design addresses a range of questions in order to enable policy makers, university administrators, and scientists to plan effectively for the future of research and development.
Prediction: Science, Decision Making, and the Future of Nature
Editors: Daniel Sarewitz, Roger Pielke, Jr., and Radford Byerly, Jr.
Prediction offers a fascinating and wide-ranging look at the interdependent scientific, political, and social factors involved in using science-based predictions to guide policy making. Through ten detailed case studies, it explores society's efforts to generate reliable scientific information about complex natural systems and to use that information in making sound policy decisions. Prediction is the first book to look at the numerous and varied scientific, social, and political factors involved in making and using predictions relevant to a wide range of current environmental controversies and challenges. It provides much-needed context for understanding predictions and scientific pronouncements, and is an important work for anyone concerned with interactions between science and policy making.
Stem Cell Research and Applications:
Monitoring the Frontiers of Biomedical Research [.pdf file]
by Audrey R. Chapman, Mark S. Frankel, and Michele S. Garfinkel
For hard-copy, contact Margot Iverson 202-326-6792
In the face of extraordinary advances in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of human diseases, devastating illnesses such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, and diseases of the nervous system, such as Parkinson's Disease and Alzheimer's Disease, continue to deprive people of health, independence, and well-being. Research in human developmental biology has led to the discovery of human stem cells (precursor cells that can give rise to multiple tissue types), including embryonic stem (ES) cells, embryonic germ (EG) cells, and adult stem cells. Recently, techniques have been developed for the in vitro culture of stem cells, providing unprecedented opportunities for studying and understanding human embryology. As a result, scientists can now carry out experiments aimed at determining the mechanisms underlying the conversion of a single, undifferentiated cell, the fertilized egg, into the different cells comprising the organs and tissues of the human body. Although it is impossible to predict the outcomes, scientists and the public will gain immense new knowledge in the biology of human development that will likely hold remarkable potential for therapies and cures.
"Technology Transfer and the Implementation
of CRADAs at the National Institutes of Health." Pp. 221-249 in Investing
Chapter by David Guston
Edited by Lewis M.Branscomb and James Keller